Essential Ingredients of Urdu Poetry

Although Urdu Poetry is a incredibly intricate issue that manifests itself in many various sorts, there are sure fundamental ingredients that characterize every single Urdu poem. We will now consider a search at how a simple Urdu poem is structured and familiarize ourselves with some of its primary elements.

In Urdu Poetry, a poem normally normally takes the kind of a ghazal. A ghazal is a selection of several couplets, identified as “ashaar”, that adhere to the guidelines of “bahar”, “radeef”, “matla”, “maqta”, and “qafiya”. Just about every couplet, or “sher” expresses a single imagined and can stand on your own. To comprehend how the common Urdu poem is structured, it is crucial that you have an understanding of what each and every of these five terms refer to.

Bahar. In Urdu Poetry, “bahar” refers to the meter, or size, of a couplet. Every line of a couplet should have the very same bahar as the other. In addition, every single solitary couplet in a ghazal have to have the identical bahar. Urdu Poetry works by using 19 unique types of bahar which can be categorized into small, medium, and prolonged meters.

Radeef. Radeef in Urdu Poetry refers to the same term or phrase that is recurring at the end of the second line of just about every couplet. Preserve in intellect that the radeef are usually the precise, similar words for every single ghazal.

Matla. Matla in Urdu Poetry refers to the initially couplet in a ghazal. Each traces of a ghazal’s matla must conclusion in the radeef.

Maqta. Traditionally, poets of Urdu Poetry normally use pen names which are called Takhallus. The takhallus is commonly included into the very last couplet of the poem as a type of signature. The past couplet of a ghazal that includes the takhallus is called the “maqta”.

Qafiya. The “qafiya” refers to the rhyming sample that is employed just before the radeef at the finish of each and every couplet. The qafiya is important to the perform of each and every Urdu poem, even when the other principles are not adhered to.

Now that you know what each of the five terms refer to, we convert our awareness to how they govern an Urdu poem’s composition. First, each and every couplet of a ghazal will have a absolutely diverse concept from all the other couplets in the exact same ghazal. Next, all the couplets of a ghazal ought to have the same bahar. Each individual one couplet in a ghazal must also finish in the exact radeef and use the exact qafiya. Each and every Urdu poem has a matla but some could not have a maqta.

Like with most principles, there are also a amount of exceptions:

o There are some ghazals that do not comprise radeef.

o Sometimes, the ashaar of a ghazal will have the exact same topic.

o Modern Urdu Poetry is much considerably less restrictive with the use of bahar than in the earlier.

If you are feeling a tiny confused, know that that is certainly regular. It is absolutely easy to understand if you really don’t get it the 1st time you read through it. Take a deep breath a try out to slowly digest the info. It truly is a great deal easier than you imagine